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Absorption : The movement and uptake of substances (liquids and solutes) into cells or across tissues such as skin, intestine and kidney tubules, by way of diffusion or osmosis.
Angina pectoris : Heart pain (often felt in the chest area) caused by partially blocked arteries.
Apoprotein : A protein chain that can join with cholesterol and trigylcerides to form a particle in the blood.
Arteriosclerosis : Hardening of the arteries.
Artery : Blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to other tissues of the body.
Atherosclerosis : A disease of the blood vessels, which narrows them or causes complete blockage by accumulation of
Bile Acid Resins : Bile acid resins bind with cholesterol-containing bile acids in the intestines and are then eliminated in the stool. The major effect of bile acid resins is to lower LDL-cholesterol by about 10 to 20 percent.
Biosynthesis : The building up of a chemical compound in the physiologic processes of a living organism.
Bile : A greenish-yellow fluid secreted by the liver and contains cholesterol, bile salts and waste products such as bilirubin. Bile salts aid in the digestion of fats, bile passes out of the liver via the bile duct where it is stored in the gallbladder and released in response to a fat-containing meal.
BMI : Stands for " Body Mass Index" which is a measurement of body fat and health risks associated with being overweight. Normal BMI should be in range of 19 to 25. Beyond 27 in BMI are considered as overweight.
Blood Pressure : The force of blood against the walls of the artery.