Goal: The goal of this case study is to learn how energy enters and leaves the earth and achieves equilibrium. By learning about the energy flow we can also figure out the effective temperature of the earth as well as the temperature at the surface.
The case study uses the conceptual framework of computational science -- application, algorithm, and architecture. You should recall that application refers to the scientific problem of interest and the components of that problem that we wish to study and/or include. The algorithm refers to the numerical/mathematical representation of that problem, including any numerical method or recipe used to solve the algorithm. Finally, the architecture refers to the computing platform and software tool(s) used to compute a solution set for the algorithm(s) developed.