Student: When we talk about multiples of whole numbers, do we just mean the times tables? Mentor: Sort of. Let's use an example to get this idea straight. Consider the number 3; what are the multiples of 3? The formal definition of a multiple of 3 is any number that three divides evenly or any number for which 3 is a factor. So, 27 is a multiple of 3 (since 27 / 3 = 9  a whole number), but 25 is not since 25 / 3 = 8 + a remainder of 1. Student: So anything in the 3 times table is going to be a multiple of 3. Are there other multiples of 3? Mentor: What do you think? Can I have a number that is not in the 3 times table that has 3 as a factor? Student: To have three as a factor, the number has to be equal to 3 times something, so I think all of the multiples of 3 are in the three times table. Mentor: Good. Can you list part of the three times table? Student: Sure:
3 times 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 is 0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45
