Student 1: I thought we were studying fractions now, so what do fractions have to do with a carton of eggs?
Mentor: Suppose we were mixing up a batch of blueberry muffins and the recipe called for four eggs. How would we represent four of the eggs in the carton as a fraction?
Student 2: Well, twelve eggs come in a carton, so the fraction would be 4/12, or four parts out of twelve.
Mentor: Good. And if we look in the carton after we take out the eggs, we see an example of what four out of twelve looks like.
Mentor: And if we remove two more eggs, we see what six out of twelve, or 6/12 eggs looks like.
Student 1: Yes, six out of twelve is exactly half of the eggs.
Mentor: That's right. We can reduce the fraction 6/12 to one half, or 1/2. These two fractions are the same.
Student 1: Can we reduce the fraction 4/12?
Mentor: In the same way that six is half of twelve, or 1/2, four is one third of twelve, or 1/3. Both numbers can be divided by four: 4 divided by 4 is 1; 12 divided by 4 is 3, so the fraction is 1/3.
Student 2: What fraction is it if we remove all the eggs?
Student 1: There would be no eggs left, 0/12, or zero, so there wouldn't be a fraction, because there can not be a part of nothing, right?
Mentor: Good thinking. Nothing is always nothing, so we can't remove some of it, or divide it into parts.
Student 2: Then what if we didn't take out any parts at all; what if we left all the eggs in the carton?
Student 1: The fraction would be 12/12, which would be the same as ...
Student 2: OK, I understand that now. I'm ready to make blueberry muffins!