This lesson is designed to introduce students to the idea of a set and what it means to be a part
of a set. Students will experiment with sets in conjunction with the Venn Diagram activity.

Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will:

understand the terms surrounding the idea of sets and Venn diagrams.

understand how to arrange items in a Venn diagram.

Standards Addressed:

Grade 3

Process Skills

The student demonstrates an ability to problem solve.

The student demonstrates an ability to use logic and reason.

Grade 4

Process Skills

The student demonstrates an ability to problem solve.

The student demonstrates an ability to use logic and reason.

Grade 5

Process Skills

The student demonstrates an ability to problem solve.

The student demonstrates an ability to use logic and reason.

Grade 3

Mathematical Reasoning

2.0 Students use strategies, skills, and concepts in finding solutions

Measurement and Geometry

2.0 Students describe and compare the attributes of plane and solid geometric figures and use their understanding to show relationships and solve problems

Grade 4

Mathematical Reasoning

2.0 Students use strategies, skills, and concepts in finding solutions

Measurement and Geometry

3.0 Students demonstrate an understanding of plane and solid geometric objects and use this knowledge to show relationships and solve problems

Grade 5

Mathematical Reasoning

2.0 Students use strategies, skills, and concepts in finding solutions

Measurement and Geometry

2.0 Students identify, describe, and classify the properties of, and the relationships between, plane and solid geometric figures

Fifth Grade

Geometry

Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties.

Third Grade

Geometry

Reason with shapes and their attributes.

Grades 3-5

Geometry

Analyze characteristics and properties of two- and three-dimensional geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships

3rd Grade

Algebra

Content Standard 2.0 The student will understand and generalize patterns as they represent and analyze quantitative relationships and change in a variety of contexts and problems using graphs, tables, and equations.

4th Grade

Algebra

The student will understand and generalize patterns as they represent and analyze quantitative relationships and change in a variety of contexts and problems using graphs, tables, and equations.

5th Grade

Algebra

The student will understand and generalize patterns as they represent and analyze quantitative relationships and change in a variety of contexts and problems using graphs, tables, and equations.

Grade 3

Underlying Processes and Mathematical Tools

16. The student uses logical reasoning.

Grade 4

Underlying Processes and Mathematical Tools

16. The student uses logical reasoning.

Grade 5

Underlying Processes and Mathematical Tools

16. The student uses logical reasoning.

Student Prerequisites

Mathematics: Students must be familiar with the following concepts:

shapes: triangles, circles, squares, and hexagons

similar vs. different.

Technological: Students must be able to:

perform basic mouse manipulations such as point, click, and drag.

Teacher Preparation

Students will need:

Access to a browser

Pencil and Paper

Key Terms

element

A member of or an object in a set

set

A set is a collection of things, without regard to their order

Venn Diagram

A diagram where sets are represented as simple geometric figures, with overlapping and similarity of sets represented by intersections and unions of the figures

Lesson Outline

Focus and Review

Introduce students to the concept of grouping and sets. Consider leading students in a discussion:

To ensure understanding, ask students guiding questions:

What is an element that you use everyday?

What set is this element part of?

Objectives

Let the students know what they will be doing and learning today. Say something like this:

Today, class, we will be talking about sets and what it means to be an element in a set.

We are going to use the computers to learn about sets and Venn diagrams, but please do not
turn your computers on or go to this page until I ask you to. I want to first show you a
little about sets and Venn diagrams.

Teacher Input

Lead the students in a short discussion about
Venn diagrams.

Ask students how Venn diagrams are related to sets.

Explain to the class that Venn diagrams can be used to sort different sets, even if the sets
do not contain shapes or numbers.