Mentor: Good! What can we learn from these statements? Let's start with a line, since points are not
so interesting as far as
fractals go.

Lines have length, but no width or height, so we can measure them in 1 dimension only. Because
of this we say:

The Euclidean dimension of a line is 1.

Consider the line segment below:

Now let's build similar line segments at a smaller scale. We'll use a scale factor of 4 (the
large segment is 4 times longer than the small ones).

Notice that we can get 4
"self similar" line segments out of the original line segment at this scale factor. So: Dimension = 1, Scale
= 4, and Number of self-similar objects = 4.

You try this for a square (plane figure).

Student: Ok: The Euclidean dimension of a square is 2 because we can measure the length and the
height, but there's no thickness. Consider the square below:

Now let's build similar squares at a smaller scale. We'll use a scale factor of 3 (the side of
the large square is 3 times longer than the small ones).

Notice that we can get 9 "self-similar" squares out of the original square at this scale
factor. So: Dimension = 2, Scale = 3, and Number of self-similar objects = 9.

Mentor: Let's do a cube (solid) together: The Euclidean dimension of a cube is 3 since we can measure
the length, width and height. Consider the cube below:

Now let's build similar cubes at a smaller scale. We'll use a scale factor of 2 (the side of
the large cube is 2 times longer than the small ones).

Notice that we can get 8 "self-similar" cubes out of the original cube at this scale factor.
So: Dimension = 3, Scale = 2, and Number of self-similar objects = 8.

Mentor: What pattern do you see here?

Student: Dimension, Scale and Number of copies seems to follow:

Mentor: Good!
Fractals are objects that have fractional dimensions! To see this we need to learn about finding D when we know S and N -- this is not trivial
since D is in the exponent. We need to talk about
Exponents and Logarithms .